Uncastillo is considered to be "the finest 12th-century Romanesque complex in all of Spain", according to the history professor Gonzalo Borrás on a visit to our village.
We aren't experts but we pay attention to what the specialists have to say, and there are clearly many reasons to back up his statement, for example:
- San Lorenzo (12th century) The only one which is not still intact. It appears to have belonged to the Templars. A single nave with a tower, it was acquired by a private buyer in 1914. In recent years the ruins have been stabilised thanks to an agreement between the current owners and the Uncastillo Foundation.
- San Juan ( 12th-13th century) This church stands on a bare rock, offering one of the best views of Uncastillo at sunset. Also interesting are the anthropomorphic tombs dug into the rock, which are from an earlier necropolis. Unlike the others, the floor plan has a false transept and frescoes in one of the apses.
- San Felices (or Remedio) (11th-12th century) Also on the other side of the river Cadenas, this small church has a crypt with its own entrance. It has two notable porticoes with tympana contributing some impressive sculptures to the village.
- San Miguel ( 12th-13th century) Sold by the bishopric (in the early 20th century!!!), today the apse is a private home and the nave has been adapted as an elegant Conference Hall by the Uncastillo Foundation. The magnificent portico was also sold, and is now displayed in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts (USA). Yes, a bit of Uncastillo is in Massachusetts!
- San Martín (12th century) One of the largest of this group of churches. It has a slender tower with defensive elements. Of its two extant Romanesque porticoes, the one leading to the tower is the most interesting. It is now the Pre-Pyrenees Religious Art Interpretation Centre, and offers a magnificent audiovisual presentation.
- Santa María (12th century) A book could be written about the south portico alone, let alone a blog post! It is considered to be one of the most beautiful sculptural groups of the Romanesque in Spain. Quite a sight! This was once a Collegiate church and is the largest in the village, with a defensive tower with Gothic finial.
And that's enough for now. If you want to know more, on the weekend of 4 - 6 July we have organised a delightful tour - places are limited - to enjoy these 6 churches and every other site showing off the village's 2,000 years of history.
Si te ha gustado, ¡compártelo!